Alan Rabinowitz, director of the Science and Exploration Program at the Wildlife Conservation Society, says what makes this new approach different is that the WCS will be holding itself accountable for a significant increase in tiger numbers over a specific period of time.
In a dozen field sites, scientists will be focusing not only on the tigers but on the safety of their prey and the actions of their human neighbors. They'll work closely with local governments to gather more baseline data on tigers in some areas while increasing anti-poaching activities at other sites.
In a National Geographic Radio Expeditions interview, Rabinowitz notes that this kind of accountability is a new concept for conservationists.
"We're putting our reputations on the line and holding ourselves accountable that we can grow tiger numbers," he says. "At the same time, we have the knowledge, expertise and track record to accomplish this goal."